Thursday, March 31, 2011

What to visit in Genoa?

Via Garibaldi Avenue
Doria Tursi Palace (it. Palazzo Doria Tursi) from the sixteenth century, now houses the city hall and art museum;
Bianco Palace (it. Palazzo Bianco) from the sixteenth century, located art gallery with paintings by Italian masters such as Caravaggio, Veronese Filippin Lippi as well as little-known Genoese painters;
Rosso Palace (it: Palazzo Rosso) from the seventeenth century
Cemetery Camposanto
House of Christopher Columbus (it.: Casa di Colombo)
Gothic town hall, the thirteenth to fifteenth century
Cathedral of San Lorenzo (it.: Cattedrale di San Lorenzo), the cathedral of the twelfth-thirteenth century and rebuilt in the sixteenth century
Il Faro lighthouse (XII century)
Art Museum in the former Palace Paroti
Museum of Oriental Art (it.: Museo d'arte orientale Edoardo Chiossone)
De Ferrari Square (it: Piazza De Ferrari)
Palace of the Doges of Genoa (it. Palazzo Ducale) from the seventeenth century
Victory Square (it: Piazza della Vittoria)
Old Port (it.: Porto Antico)
galleon Neptune - a replica galleon used in the film Pirates of R. Polanski
Il Bigo - a monumental eight-spoke design with a lift lookout
maritime museum (it. Il Galata - Museo del Mare di Genova)
Palace San Giorgio (it. Palazzo San Giorgio) from the thirteenth century
monuments from the Roman period
aquarium (one of the largest in Europe)
The city walls from the twelfth century.

Saturday, March 26, 2011

The economy of Genoa

Genoa is the southern corner of the industrial triangle of Milan-Turin-Genoa, is one of the major economic centers of the country. Manufactures of GDP in 1915, 08 billion euros, representing 1.3% of national GDP. In 2000 the town was on the 5th place in the ranking of the economically strongest cities in Italy. Bank St. Gregory, one of the oldest banks in the world, was founded in Genoa in 1407 and contributed to the city's economic heyday of the mid-fifteenth century. Today, many leading Italian companies is headquartered in Genoa, including Ansaldo Energia, Ansaldo STS, and Edoardo Garrone Raffinerie.

Monday, March 21, 2011


Genoa is a town in north-western part of Italy on the Ligurian Sea, the Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Apennines, at the foot, is the capital of the province with the same name and the region of Liguria. Ancient etymology of the name of this city indicates the origin of the Celtic, where he had a similar expression to mean "entry". Genoa is a large cultural center and the largest Italian seaport.

Monday, March 7, 2011

The economy of Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a wealthy country because of its excellent location. Thanks in Gibraltar has developed commercial port and passenger. Support for merchant ships and charges for the transit of goods are the main source of revenue for the colony. Plays an important role as tourism, whereby in 1991 the country was visited by 4.1 million tourists, a safe state was topped up by 112 million USD. The economy is dependent on the peninsula of Britain, which granted the colony of loans and credits. National income in 2008 was 38 200 USD per 1 inhabitant.

Saturday, March 5, 2011

Cape Gelidonya - continued

The wreck rests at a depth of 1926-1928 m, it formed the concretions resulting from the traffic load - bronze objects, pottery and copper bars. The first dive on the position held in 1959 under the chairmanship of P. Throckmorton. Then extracted from the wreckage of tools and weapons of bronze and copper ingots. All these items have been sent to Professor Rodneyowi Young of the University of Pennsylvania, which organized a year later, archaeological expeditions. The designated archaeologist was George Bass. Because of the difficulties she had been exploring the nodules and attention to preserve the delicate items concretions "crushed" into smaller parts only on land. Under the water, their separation is often used hammers and chisels, and the car jack. Which unfortunately can no longer be called a scientific archaeological methods. Transportation of items to the surface were made with trash and buoyancy of balloons. Explored as a layer with ejector. The basic, initial documentation, performed at the bottom with a plate and graphite, and the remainder, including a single monuments on land. Underwater photographic documentation were also performed. Every day diving twice, after 40 and 28 min. For findings on the wreck were items such as bronze tools, which researchers believe most were destined for recycling. In addition, bronze and copper ingots, stone hammers, pat, axes, pottery, scarabs and seal. These monuments were from different places of the eastern Mediterranean, for example, scarabs were the origin of the Syro-Palestinian pottery came from three different locations - Cyprus, Syria and Greece (Mycenae ceramics). The size of the vessel was estimated to be about 8 -9 is the tonnage of about 1 t. Interpreted as a merchant ship-smith, whose area of operation was just part of the eastern Mediterranean.

Friday, March 4, 2011

Population of Gibraltar

Gibraltar has 27.5 thousand inhabitants. Over the past few years, the population of Gibraltar is characterized by dominance of men over the number of women. In 2008 the index stood at 101.13 masculinization of men per 100 women.
Over the last 30 years in Gibraltar there has been a decline in its birth. In 1992, 569 children were born, but 7 years later, there was only 381 births. In 2008, 400 children born. The vast majority of mothers at the age of 1920-1934 years. One in six of them are 35 years and more, while 5.5% of mothers raises her child at the age of 19 and fewer years [2]. For comparison, the number of deaths over the past 30 years varied from 200 to 300 (in 2008 reported 227 deaths).
Gibraltar's population is growing slowly - in December 2008, the number of inhabitants stood at 1929 286th In 2005-2008 the growth rate was 1.76% [2]. The birth rate in recent years ranged from 12 to 15 ‰ (13.7 ‰ in 2008). In the same period the death rate ranged from 6 to 9 ‰ (7.8 ‰ in 2008). Thanks to Gibraltar for several years a positive result recorded natural growth rate of 5.9 ‰ (2008).
The number of marriages over the past 35 years shows a continuous upward trend. In 1984 there were 398 in 2008 - the first time - the number of marriages exceeded the 1000 (there were 1062) [2]. This means that 2.7-fold increase over the quarter. An interesting fact is that most of these marriages are entered into by persons not permanently resident in Gibraltar.

Wednesday, March 2, 2011

The wreck from Cape Gelidonya

At Cape Gelidonya crashed wreckage of the Bronze Age, whose research is also considered by many to be the first professional archaeological work. However, this title should be assigned to another job at Yassi Ada, where he was introduced to the use of multiple methods of exploration and documentation of the position used today. The first wreck was discovered by Fisher sponges Kemal Aras in 1954, this information went in 1958to Peter Throckmorton, an American journalist and amateur archaeologist who led the search for ancient shipwrecks. Although there was a professional archaeologist, his contribution to the development of underwater studies are very large. Even more annoying is the fact that they are often overlooked today, when discussing the history of underwater archaeological research.

Tuesday, March 1, 2011

Geography of Gibraltar

Lack of natural resources and limited fresh water resources. Water from rain stored in reservoirs carved in the rocks. Some water comes from desalination of sea water.
Gibraltar is one of the most densely populated territories in the world - 4,881 people per 1 km. Over harbor and city buildings rising high in a 426 m above sea level Lime Rock of Gibraltar, which constitutes a strong fortress on the rock surface, and outside in most of nature reserve.
British overseas territory, although it claims to assert Spain. It borders on land from the Spanish town of La Linea de la Concepcion, from which they are separated by a demilitarized neutral zone, where he built an artificial Gibraltar airport runway and buildings land border crossing between Gibraltar and Spain.
A large part of the island is limestone rock of Gibraltar - The Rock. Rock is about 4.8 km long and is connected to the mainland sandy spit with a length of 1.5 km. Rock rises to a height of 426m. and are developed in the karst forms, including 150 caves. Moreover, it is the only place in Europe where there are monkeys (magoty).
Subtropical climate of Gibraltar is intermediate between maritime and continental with hot summers and mild bezdeszczowym winter. Rainfall is about 800 mm per year and accrue mainly to the period from September to March. The temperature in July ranges from 13 to 29 ° C in January from 13 to 18°C.