Saturday, March 5, 2011

Cape Gelidonya - continued

The wreck rests at a depth of 1926-1928 m, it formed the concretions resulting from the traffic load - bronze objects, pottery and copper bars. The first dive on the position held in 1959 under the chairmanship of P. Throckmorton. Then extracted from the wreckage of tools and weapons of bronze and copper ingots. All these items have been sent to Professor Rodneyowi Young of the University of Pennsylvania, which organized a year later, archaeological expeditions. The designated archaeologist was George Bass. Because of the difficulties she had been exploring the nodules and attention to preserve the delicate items concretions "crushed" into smaller parts only on land. Under the water, their separation is often used hammers and chisels, and the car jack. Which unfortunately can no longer be called a scientific archaeological methods. Transportation of items to the surface were made with trash and buoyancy of balloons. Explored as a layer with ejector. The basic, initial documentation, performed at the bottom with a plate and graphite, and the remainder, including a single monuments on land. Underwater photographic documentation were also performed. Every day diving twice, after 40 and 28 min. For findings on the wreck were items such as bronze tools, which researchers believe most were destined for recycling. In addition, bronze and copper ingots, stone hammers, pat, axes, pottery, scarabs and seal. These monuments were from different places of the eastern Mediterranean, for example, scarabs were the origin of the Syro-Palestinian pottery came from three different locations - Cyprus, Syria and Greece (Mycenae ceramics). The size of the vessel was estimated to be about 8 -9 is the tonnage of about 1 t. Interpreted as a merchant ship-smith, whose area of operation was just part of the eastern Mediterranean.